Local plant species that will attract wildlife to your garden

Consider arranging these species in groups to create protective habitat. 
Many of the plants listed are available from the Crows Nest and Peacehaven Park native plant nurseries
In addition to these, you might like to plant nectar rich varieties Melaleuca (Callistemon) and Grevillea species. 
To prevent aggressive honeyeaters such as noisy miners and blue-faced honeyeaters dominating your garden try to choose smaller flowering Grevillea species
.

1. Long leafed mat rush 
   Lomandra longifolia

Habit:  Large clumping plant with grass-like strappy leaves. 
Height: to 1m 

Leaves used to make baskets. Spiky flowers are not ornamental but have a delightful perfume, if the plants are grown in the shade.
Aspect: full sun


Wildlife attracted: 
Long-nosed bandicoot, northern-brown bandicoot, red-browed finch, double-barred finch, variegated fairy wren, dwarf tree-frog, skipper butterflies.

 Photo credit and detail

2.   Kangaroo grass 
— Themeda triandra 

Habit: Perennial tussock grass that was once the most common grass in Australia.
Height: to 1m
Aspect: All soils including heavy clay. Full sun. Very drought hardy. Frost hardy.


Wildlife attracted: 

Long-nosed bandicoot, northern-brown bandicoot, red-necked wallaby, red-browed finch, double-barred finch, evening brown butterfly, orange ringlet butterfly, ringed xenica butterfly, common brown butterfly.

   Photo credit and detail

3.   Yellow buttons
Chrysocephalum apiculatum 

Habit: Ground cover – a perennial daisy with masses of tiny yellow button-flowers in all but the coldest months of the year. 
Height: to 30cm
Aspect:
All soils. Full sun. Drought hardy. Frost hardy.

Wildlife attracted:
Australian painted lady butterfly.

   Photo credit and detail

4​.  Cockspur flower
  Plectranthus spp.

Habit: Herb – small plants with sprays of blue flowers in spring and summer.
Height: to 0.5m 

Aspect:  Well drained soil. Full or part sun. Very drought hardy but looks best if given some water and cut back once a year. Tolerates very light frosts.

Wildlife attracted:​​ 
Blue banded bee.

   Photo credit and detail

5​.   Bursaria Spinosa 
—  Bursaria spinosa 

Habit: Young plants are thorny, but thorns are lost on older trees. Masses of white, strongly perfumed flowers, usually in summer but can happen at any time of year, attract butterflies. Leaves are white backed (“frosty”).  Little brown seed capsules full of seeds resemble fairy purses. 
Height: to 3–5m
Aspect:
Well drained soil. Full or part sun. Moderately drought hardy. Tolerates light frost.

Wildlife attracted:
Variegated fairy-wren, red-browed finch, double-barred finch, eastern spinebill, fiery copper and bright copper butterflies.

   Photo credit and detail

6.   Trema
— 
Trema tomentosa 

Habit: Short-lived large shrub. A fast-growing pioneer with small black bird-attracting fruits, suit Lantana substitute. 
Height: to 5m 
Aspect: Well-drained or medium soils. Full or part sun. Drought hardy. Light frost.


Wildlife attracted:
Brown thornbill, lewins honeyeater, yellow faced honeyeater, silver eye, white browed scrub wren, satin bowerbird, grey fantail, rufous fantail, red-browed finch, speckled line-blue butterfly, splendid ghost moth.

 Photo credit and detail

7.   Breynia
 ​Breynia oblongifolia 

Habit: Shrub with small bright bird-attracting seeds 
Height: to  2m, taller if grown in the shade. Ideal rainforest understory plant.
Aspect:
All soils. Full or part sun. Likes mulch. Drought hardy. Frost hardy.

Wildlife attracted:
Brown thornbill, lewins honeyeater, yellow faced honeyeater, silver eye, white browed scrub wren, satin bowerbird, grey fantail, rufous fantail, grey common grass yellow butterfly and large grass-yellow butterfly.

 Photo credit and detail

8.  Soap ash
Alphitonia excelsa 

Habit: very fast-growing small tree 
Height: 7–10m 
Good pioneer tree for creating a quick, shady canopy.
Profuse clusters of creamy-white flowers are fragrant in the evening. Red and black seeds attract birds.

Aspect:
Well drained soil. Full sun. Very drought hardy. Tolerates frosts to -5°C.

Wildlife attracted:
Brown thornbill, lewins honeyeater, yellow faced honeyeater, silver eye, white browed scrub wren, satin bowerbird, grey fantail, rufous fantail, small green-banded blue butterfly.

 Photo credit and detail

9.  Wattle
Acacia 
spp.  

Habit: Tree
Height:​ to 5m 

Aspect: full sun

Wildlife attracted:
Brown thornbill, lewins honeyeater, yellow faced honeyeater, silver eye, white browed scrub wren, satin bowerbird, grey fantail, rufous fantail, pale-headed rosella, golden whistler, varied sitella, dwarf tree frog, imperial hairstreak butterfly.

 Photo credit and detail

10. Tea tree
Leptospermum  spp. 

Habit: Shrubs, trees 
Height: to 5m  
Aspect: full sun


Wildlife attracted:
Brown thornbill, grey fantail, pale-headed rosella.

 Photo credit and detail